Title III, Part A funds are based on the English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement, and Academic Achievement Act. These funds offer much less flexibility than other Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) funding streams such as Title I, and guidance from the federal and state governments is confusing at times.
Title III, Part A guidance states the following purposes for these funds:
- Improve the education of English Learners (EL) and immigrant children/youth by assisting students to learn English and meet challenging state academic standards
- Encourage parent, family and community involvement in language instruction programs
- Create, implement, enhance, streamline and sustain language instruction educational programs for Limited English Proficient (LEP) and immigrant students
- Hold local education agencies (LEAs) and schools accountable for improvements in English proficiency and core academic knowledge for LEP students
- Provide flexibility for LEAs “to implement the most effective language instruction programs” based on scientific research
Title III absolutely cannot be used to supplant other local, state, or federal funds and must go above and beyond what is already offered to all students. Funds are supplemental, and if state law requires a program activity, Title III funds cannot be used.